Pain is one way the body tells you there is something wrong and it needs attention. Although the experience of pain varies from one person to the next, it is possible to categorise the different types of pain into acute and chronic pain.
Acute pain typically comes on suddenly and has a limited duration. It is often caused by damage to tissue such as bone, muscle or organs and the onset is often accompanied by anxiety or emotional distress.
Chronic pain lasts longer than acute pain and in general is somewhat resistant to medical treatment. It is usually associated with long-term illness such as osteoarthritis. In some cases, such as with fibromyalgia, chronic pain is one of the defining characteristics of the disease. Chronic pain can also be the result of damaged tissue, but it is often attributable to nerve damage.
Generally, the Pharmacy is the first point of contact when treating pain. There a number of pain relief options available to patients over the counter. Correct use of these medications will offer pain relief and comfort in most cases. However, in some cases prescription pain relief may be required. Your StayWell Pharmacist can advise you on the various treatment options, which include; paracetamol, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs, such as ibuprofen and aspirin) and opiate painkillers (such as codeine).